62-049 Politics and critique of management
second cycle Master degree study programme Political Science
Course Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Tonči Ante Kuzmanić
The course focuses on critical analysis of the managerial theories from the point of view of political theory. Many of managerial theories explicitly or implicitly extend to the areas covered also by the political theory and political science. In the course we will focus mainly on this. Already at the beginning of the Scientific Management (F.W. Taylor) appears a strong ambition of the managerial experts to overcome the boundaries of organizations and companies and to extend their interest to the whole society and politics. These ambitions of the managerial experts can be traced in numerous subsequent authors, all the way to P. F. Drucker, who actually equates management with politics. The basic task of the course is to ground the differences between management and politics.
Subjects of the course:
- Clarification and definition of the following terms: politics, management, history, science, theory, practice and technique.
- Introduction to the history of the managerial movement in the USA before the rise of the Scientific Management (F.W. Taylor); mechanical engineers and their wider social engagement; technical utopia and its political consequences.
- Industrial engineering as a forerunner of the concept of Scientific management in USA.
- Scientific management of F. W. Taylor, with the emphasis on the political aspects of management.
- The Social engineering as an attempt to carry out the technical utopia (technical and engineering leadership of the society).
- Classical continental Theory of organisations (Henri Fayol and Max Weber).
- Neoclassical theory of management and the entrance of psychology in the field of management (Elton Mayo, Douglas McGregor, Abraham Maslow, Lillian Gilberth, Hugo Munstenberg …).
- The science of management in the period after II. World war: the application of mathematics, statistics, cybernetics and general systems theory to the field of management. The idea of controlling the systems of society and state.
- Peter Ferdinand Drucker: equalization of politics and management.
- Other management gurus from the point of view of politics.
- The attempt to place management as a scientific discipline within the classification of sciences, the relation to political science.
- The fundamental differences between politics and management; governance and leadership; political arrangement of the common affairs and economic organization.